Taking an interest in landscaping and would like to know more about your new hobby? Or maybe you want to work with a landscape architect and don’t understand the different sophisticated terms they throw at you.
Perhaps you would like to show off to your friends by throwing in a word or two about your new garden! Here is the ultimate guide to getting you started with your new jargon.
Annual plants: The term refers to flowering plants that go through their entire life cycle in a single season. These have to be replanted annually, hence the name.
Acidity in soil: When you say the soil is acidic, it means that the pH value is less than 7.0.
Alkalinity: Used where the soil has a pH value of 8.0 and above. Among the vegetables that flourish here include celery and cabbage. This type of soil tends to be waterlogged; to lower the pH, add sulphur.
Arboriculture: Refers to the cultivation of trees and shrubs.
Arborist: Also referred to as a tree surgeon, an arborist manages, studies, and cultivates shrubs, vines, trees, among other woody plants.
Abreuvoir: This is a watering trough used as an ornament in gardens, although it was initially designed to provide a watering place for both humans and animals.
Bonsai: Originating from Japan, this is the art of growing miniaturised shrubs and trees.
Belvedere: This is a gazebo-like structure or an open gallery within a garden that emphasises a remarkable viewpoint.
Biennial: These are plants that take two years (hence the term ‘bi’) to complete their life cycle.
Corm: An organ used to store food underground in plants such as gladioli.
Cultural control: Refers to the modification of a plant’s growing environment, e.g. through cultivating resistant plants, to reduce the prevalence of pests.
Deciduous: Plants that shed at given stages in their life.
Dead-head: Removal of spent flowers which promotes more flowers to blossom.
Epiphyte: These are plants that grow harmlessly on other plants while getting both moisture and nutrients from the air around them.
Espalier: They are ornamental plants whose branches are trained to grow flat against a wall.
Fescue: Refers to a variety of grasses characterised by broad flat leaves.
Floricane: Refers to fruit-bearing plants that grow for a year before they can yield flowers or bear fruits.
Groundcover: Anything used to cover the soil ranging from gravel, woodchips, low growing plants, mulch, etc.
Grasscycling: It is the act of leaving grass clippings on the lawn after mowing, which helps return nutrients to the soil.
Humus: Decayed organic matter.
Heeling in: This refers to storing a plant temporarily with moist soil for replanting.
Inflorescence: A cluster of flowers growing on a stem.
Inorganic fertiliser: Refers to fertiliser that is chemically processed.
Lath: A wooden structure that’s evenly spaced, whose purpose is to provide either light or shade to plants.
Liming: addition of lime to the soil with the intent of reducing its acidity.
Maiden tree: Refers to a tree that’s in its first year.
Microclimate: This is the specific climate of a given area or garden. Factors such as air, water, and light are considered.
Naturalise: It is the introduction of non-native plants to a foreign environment.
Native plant: Refers to an indigenous plant to a given region.
Organic lawn care: Care for the lawn without the application of chemicals.
Parasitic plant: Plants that depend on others for their nutrition.
pH level: This is a scale running from 1 to 14 used to determine the acidity or alkalinity of the soil.
To learn more about landscaping and gardening, feel free to contact us at NS Landscapes. We have the solutions to all your gardening problems. Our seasoned designers will inform you with our unique designs, bringing life to your garden. All of our gardening works are tailored towards your budget and needs. Feel free to give us a call on 0412 614 133 and let’s discuss about your landscaping needs.